Britain Has Invaded Nine Out Of Ten Countries, From France To United States


Having done a bit of reading the other day i came across the rather fascinating revelation that Britain has invaded nearly 90% of the world’s countries during its history, with only 22 out of 193 not on the receiving end of a bit of Great British aggression. The findings are detailed in a book, “All the countries We’ve Ever Invaded: And the Few We Never Got Round To” (should have guessed) by historian Stuart Laycock who found the time to research into the matter.

Some of the 22 countries that have escaped British ambition include Andorra, Luxembourg and the Vatican City. The issue with this research, however informative it may be is that it stirs the endless debate in Britain of “was empire bad? If so how do we rid ourselves of such foul play?” The fact remains that the very same British Army / Navy that built an Empire also helped oust the Nazi’s from Europe and the Japanese from Asia, if you want to date further back we also saved Europe from the ever growing hands of Napoleon. Conquest and colonisation have been around a long time, Romans, Greeks, Persians, Egyptians etc.

Hitler was responsible for a war where approximately 30 million lives were lost, Stalin supposedly 60 million, many of which were his own people – does russia continuously go on about its bad past, or Germany? Yet here in Britain we will kick ourselves over the fact that we have brought nations across the world democracy, the rule of law, infrastructure, education and masses of knowledge.

How does comparing what happened hundreds of years ago, in a world that none of us can actually imagine existing in grant us the arrogance to denounce what occurred? What Britain did was beat everyone else doing exactly the same thing but in a nicer way (where possible). Britain survived better than most because its people well understood the society in which the world existed at the time. This is yet another “in hindsight” that keeps the British in their place, but at least we stopped one of the most hateful fascist armies the world has ever known in the 20th century, so all those places previously invaded ensured that we could do so. Stop berating British history because its nonsense to do so in a world that is now nothing like it!

Royal Navy’s largest warship HMS Queen Elizabeth officially named by Her Majesty


Today Her Majesty The Queen will officially name the Royal Navy’s largest ever warship after smashing a bottle of Whiskey against the ships hull. HMS Queen Elizabeth weights 65,000 tonnes and can carry 40 jets and helicopters at a time. It will have a permanent crew of almost 700 when it enters service in 2020.

Six shipyards in the UK – Appledore, Birkenhead, Govan, Portsmouth, Rosyth and Tyne – have been involved in building parts of the carrier. More than 10,000 people in more than 100 companies have worked on HMS Queen Elizabeth, which has been beset by construction and design delays. The estimated cost of the aircraft carrier and its sister ship is £6.2bn, well over the initial projected cost of £3.65bn.

There has only been one previous HMS Queen Elizabeth, which was completed 100 years earlier. The new ship’s name is both the continuation of this historic Royal Navy name and a tribute to the Queen. Those behind the project, which costs an estimated £6.2 billion overall, say the QE Class will be the centrepiece of Britain’s naval capability. David Cameron today hailed the ship as a symbol of ‘a truly great country’ which has its roots in maritime prowess. In a comment for the HMS Queen Elizabeth’s naming book, he said the ship would help secure ‘British prosperity and our country’s place in the world’. He wrote: ‘Defending our nation, protecting our way of life, promoting our national interests: these are the vital priorities of Government and in each of them the Royal Navy has a key part to play.

The unusual choice of whisky – rather than champagne – for naming the ship was made as a nod to the prominent role Scottish docks and workers have had in its construction. The variety chosen was from the Isle of Islay, one of the Outer Hebrides, as was provided by the island’s Bowmore Distillery. Earlier First Sea Lord George Zambellas, the head of the Royal Navy, described the ship as ‘a steel-clad phoenix’ which will give rebirth to British sea power when it becomes fully operational in 2020.

At the naming ceremony, Her Majesty said:

In sponsoring this new aircraft carrier, I believe the Queen Elizabeth, a flagship for the Royal Navy, will be a source of inspiration and pride for us all. The Lord High Admiral, the Duke of Edinburgh, joins me in congratulating all in the Aircraft Carrier Alliance on this magnificent achievement and wishing the first ship’s company well in the time ahead. Wherever this ship may serve, whatever tasks may be asked of her, let all those who serve on her know that on this day she was blessed with the prayers of us all for her success and for her safe return to calm waters. I name this ship Queen Elizabeth, may god bless her and all who sail in her.

Trooping the Colour, a history of the spectacle for the Monarch’s Official Birthday Parade!


Trooping the Colour is a ceremony performed by regiments of the British and Commonwealth armies. It has been a tradition of British infantry regiments since the 17th Century, although the roots go back much earlier. On battlefields, a regiment’s colours or flags were used as a rallying point. Consequently, regiments would have their ensigns slowly march with their colours between the soldiers’ ranks to enable soldiers to recognise their regiments’ colours. Since 1748 Trooping the Colour has also marked the official birthday of the British Sovereign. It is held in London annually on a Saturday in June on Horse Guards Parade by St. James’s Park and coincides with the publication of the Birthday Honours List. Among the audience are the Royal Family, invited guests, ticketholders and the general public. The colourful ceremony, also known as “The Queen’s Birthday Parade”, is broadcast live by the BBC.

The Queen travels down The Mall from Buckingham Palace in a royal procession with a sovereign’s escort of Household Cavalry (mounted troops or horse guards). After receiving a royal salute, she inspects her troops of the Household Division, both foot guards and horse guards, and the King’s Troop, Royal Horse Artillery. Each year, one of the foot-guards regiments is selected to troop its colour through the ranks of guards. Then the entire Household Division assembly conducts a march past the Queen, who receives a salute from the saluting base. Parading with its guns, the King’s Troop takes precedence as the mounted troops perform a walk-march and trot-past.

The music is provided by the massed bands of the foot guards and the mounted bands of the Household Cavalry, together with a Corps of Drums, and occasionally pipers, totalling approximately 400 musicians. Returning to Buckingham Palace, the Queen watches a further march-past from outside the gates. Following a 41-gun salute by the King’s Troop in Green Park, she leads the Royal Family on to the palace balcony for a Royal Air Force flypast.

Below I have attached two videos which I think show the best of the Trooping. The first is from the British Pathé of a Trooping the Colour parade from 1964, the second is from 1934 and the third from 1986.

The State Opening of Parliament: Her Majesty’s new Diamond Jubilee State Coach #QueensSpeech


The Queen’s new Diamond Jubilee State Coach will be used for the first time today at the State Opening of Parliament, it is only the second new Royal Carriage to be built in a century. What makes this one so special however is that it contains relics of key moments and incidents from more than a thousand years of British history. The State Coach was designed by Australian Jim Frecklington, 64.

Surmounted by a crown made from the timbers of HMS Victory, which houses the royal website’s ‘coachcam’ – allowing users at home to get a Monarch side view of the procession. The panelling inside includes slivers of Scott’s Antarctic Sled, Sir Isaac Newton’s apple tree, Hut Six at codebreaking centre Bletchley Park, one of Sir Edmund Hillary’s Everest Ladders and the beams of most of our great Cathedrals.

Below the Queens seat inside the carriage is a capsule carrying a piece of Scotland’s Stone of Destiny, upon which monarchs are traditionally crowned, and surrounded by a bolt from a Spitfire, a musket ball from the Battle of Waterloo, a bolt and rivets from the Flying Scotsman and a button from Gallipoli. There’s even a fragment of the bronze cannon from which every Victoria Cross is cast, and a piece of metal from the wreckage of a 617 Squadron Dambuster.


The three-ton Coach – 18ft long – has taken 50 people more than ten years to assemble. The Australian who created her, Jim Frecklington, 64, worked in the Royal Mews as a young man before returning home to help organise  the Queen’s Silver Jubilee exhibition in Australia. Having repaired carriages on the family farm in his youth, he set about building a replica of the 1902 State Landau.

This led to something even more ambitious and, in 1986, he built the Australian State Coach, a gift from the people of Australia to the Queen to mark the country’s bicentenary. It proved a very popular addition to the Royal Mews, not least because it was the first state coach with heating. But Mr Frecklington, whose family emigrated from Britain to New South Wales in the 1850s, was not finished.

“I wanted to make something in honour of Her Majesty’s great reign and something which represents our extraordinary history,” he explained. So, he set about building something even larger than the Australian State Coach at his workshop near Sydney.

Mr Frecklington wanted to use the finest craftsmen and women from all over the Commonwealth. So, all the leather is English, as is the gold silk brocade upholstery (from Sudbury). The lamps are glazed with the finest lead crystal from Edinburgh. The intricate heraldic paintwork has been hand-painted by Irish-born Australian Paula Church. The door handles are from New Zealand — each is gold-plated and inlaid with 24 diamonds and 130 Australian sapphires by Kiwi master jeweller Mike Baker.

Even the bolts which fix the gold-plated hand supports to the bodywork have been finished using the same guilloche enamel as a Faberge egg. And so it goes on. Mr Frecklington has applied the same mind-boggling attention to detail to the historical artefacts which give the Diamond Jubilee State Coach its special status.

He began by asking the custodians of HMS Victory if he might have a piece of timber from Nelson’s flagship. The result is a crown resting on four lions modelled on those found on the gates of Buckingham Palace. The entire coach is covered with heraldic emblems, crests and motifs, all of which have been approved by the College of Arms.

He then broadened his quest for other historic artefacts to include every great building and institution he could think of. The trust which looks after Britannia donated some teak handrails from the old Royal Yacht. They now form the armrests (flip them up and there are discreet, Bond-style controls for the heating and electric windows underneath).

He secured contributions from Windsor Castle, Balmoral and even the old Royal Box at Ascot. St Paul’s and Winchester Cathedrals presented certified pieces, as did Westminster Abbey and many stately homes. The panelling includes yew from Glamis Castle in Scotland, where the Queen Mother grew up, ash from Blenheim Palace and oak from Althorp, ancestral home of the Spencer family. Going back somewhat further is a little bit of timber from the Bronze Age Ferriby boat found in the Humber.

A strong theme throughout is sacrifice. Hence the metalwork from a Spitfire, Hurricane and Lancaster and many of our best-known battlefields. The coach has now been formally acquired for the nation by the Royal Collection Trust following a private donation. In other words, it hasn’t cost the taxpayer a penny.

After today, though, the public will be able to view it, along with all the other coaches and carriages, during the daily opening of the Royal Mews at the back of Buckingham Palace.



The Two Craziest, Most Courageous Chaps Ever? Tales of Two British Heroes.. Part II


Sir Adrian Paul Ghislain Carton de Wiart VC, KBE, CB, CMG, DSO (5th May 1880 – 5th June 1963)

A British Army Officer of Belgian and Irish descent who served in the Boer War, First World War and Second World War. During his service of the armed forces he was shot in the face, head, stomach, ankle, leg, hip and ear; survived two plane crashes; tunnelled out of a POW Camp; and bit off his own fingers when a doctor refused to amputate them. Describing his experiences in World War I, he wrote, “Frankly I had enjoyed the war.”

After returning from service in the Second World War, he was sent to China as Winston Churchill’s personal representative, while en route he attended the Cairo Conference. In his memoirs he wrote, “Governments many think and say as they like, but force cannot be eliminated, and it is the only real and unanswerable power. We are told that the pen is mightier than the sword, but I know which of these weapons I would choose.” The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography described him thus: “With his black eyepatch and empty sleeve, Carton de Wiart looked like an elegant pirate, and become a figure of legend.”

Carton de Wiart was born into an aristocratic family in Brussels, on 5th May 1880. eldest son of Leon Constant Ghislain Carton de Wiart (1854–1915). By his contemporaries, he was widely believed to be an illegitimate son of the King of the Belgians, Leopold II. The death of his Irish mother when he was six prompted his father to move the family to Cairo so that he could practice international law. His father was a court magistrate, well connected in Egyptian governmental circles, and was a director of the Cairo Electric Railways. In 1891 he was moved back to England by his English stepmother who sent him to the Roman Catholic boarding school the Oratory School. From there he went to Balliol College, Oxford, but left to join the British Army at the time of the Boer War around 1899, where he entered under the false name of “Trooper Carton”, and claimed to be 25 years old.

Carton de Wiart was wounded in the stomach and groin in South Africa early on in the War and invalided home. After another brief period at Oxford, where Aubrey Herbert was among his friends, he was given a commission in the Second Imperial Light Horse. He saw action in South Africa again and on 14th September 1901 was given a regular commission as a Second Lieutenant in the 4th Dragoon Guards, in 1902 he was transferred to India where he continued in this position. His serious wounds in the Boer War had instilled in him a strong desire for physical fitness, he played sports on a regular basis and by friends was considered ‘a delightful character and must hold the world record for bad language.’

After his regiment was transferred to South Africa he was promoted to Supernumerary Lieutenant in July 1904 and appointed an aide-de-camp to the Commander-in-Chief, Sir Henry Hildyard the following July. He described this period lasting up to 1914 as his “heyday.” By 1907, although Carton de Wiart had now served in the British Army for eight years, he had remained a Belgian subject. On 13 September, he took the oath of allegiance to Edward VII and was formally naturalised as a British subject. Carton de Wiart was well connected in European circles, his two closest cousins being Count Henri Carton de Wiart, Prime Minister of Belgium from 1920 to 1921, and Baron Edmond Carton de Wiart, political secretary to the King of Belgium and director of La Société Générale de Belgique. While on leave, he travelled extensively throughout central Europe, using his Catholic aristocratic connections to shoot at country estates in Bohemia, Austria, Hungary and Bavaria.

Following his return to England, he rode with the famous Duke of Beaufort’s Hunt where he met, among others, the future field marshal, Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, and the future air marshal, Sir Edward Leonard Ellington. He was promoted to captain in February 1910. In 1908 he married Countess Friederike Maria Karoline Henriette Rosa Sabina Franziska Fugger von Babenhausen (1887 Klagenfurt – 1949 Vienna), eldest daughter of Karl Ludwig, 4th Fürst (Prince) Fugger-Babenhausen and Princess Eleonora Fugger von Babenhausen of Klagenfurt, Austria. They had two daughters, the elder of whom Anita (born 1909, deceased) was the maternal grandmother of the war correspondent Anthony Loyd (born 1966).

The First World War
Somaliland Campaign

When the First World War broke out, Carton de Wiart was en route to British Somaliland where a low level war was underway against the followers of Mohammed bin Abdullah, nicknamed the “Mad Mullah” by the British. Carton de Wiart has been seconded to the Somaliland Camel Corps, a staff officer with the corps was Hastings Ismay, later Lord Ismay, Churchill’s military advisor. In an attack upon an enemy fort at Shimber Berris, Carton de Wiart was shot twice in the face, losing his eye and also a portion of his ear. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in May 1915.

The Western Front

In February 1915, he embarked on a steamer for France. Carton de Wiart took part in the fighting on the Western Front, commanding successively three infantry battalions and a brigade. He was wounded seven more times in the war, losing his left hand in 1915 and pulling off his fingers when a doctor declined to remove them. He was shot through the skull and ankle at the Battle of the Somme, through the hip at the Battle of Passchendaele, through the leg at Cambrai, and through the ear at Arras. He went to the Sir Douglas Shield’s Nursing Home to recover from his injuries. Carton de Wiart was promoted to Temporary Major in March 1916, from 15th February to 25th March. He subsequently attained the rank of temporary lieutenant-colonel, and was promoted to brevet major in January 1917. He was appointed an Officer of the Order of the Crown of Belgium in early 1917. In June, now a temporary Brigadier-General, Carton de Wiart was promoted to brevet Lieutenant-Colonel. In July, he was promoted to the permanent rank of Major in the Dragoon Guards.

He was awarded the Belgian Croix de Guerre in March 1918, and was appointed a CMG (Order of St Michael and St George) in the King’s Birthday Honours List in June. Just before the end of the war, on 8 November, Carton de Wiart was given command of a brigade with the rank of temporary brigadier-general.

Victoria Cross

Carton de Wiart received the Victoria Cross (VC), the highest award for gallantry in combat that can be awarded to British Empire forces, in 1916. He was 36 years old, and a temporary Lieutenant-Colonel in the 4th Dragoon Guards (Royal Irish), British Army, attached to the Gloucestershire Regiment, commanding the 8th Battalion, when the following events took place on 2/3 July 1916 at La Boiselle, France:

For most conspicuous bravery, coolness and determination during severe operations of a prolonged nature. It was owing in a great measure to his dauntless courage and inspiring example that a serious reverse was averted. He displayed the utmost energy and courage in forcing our attack home. After three other battalion Commanders had become casualties, he controlled their commands, and ensured that the ground won was maintained at all costs. He frequently exposed himself in the organisation of positions and of supplies, passing unflinchingly through fire barrage of the most intense nature. His gallantry was inspiring to all.

His Victoria Cross is displayed at the National Army Museum, Chelsea. In his autobiography, Happy Odyssey, there is no mention of his VC and it fell to the publishers to add a special section covering the award. This section does not appear in the Fifth Impression (London: Jonathan Cape 1951.) Despite all his wounds in the war, Carton de Wiart said at the end: “Frankly, I had enjoyed the war….”

Sir_Adrian_Carton_de_Wiart_by_Sir_William_Orpen (2)


After the war, Carton was sent to Poland in a new position of Second in Command of the British-Poland Military Mission under General Louis Botha and in 1919 he was appointed a CB (Companion of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath on the King’s Honours List. After a brief period, he replaced General Botha in the mission to Poland.

Poland desperately needed support, as it was engaged with the Bolshevik Russia (Polish-Soviet War), the Ukrainians (Polish-Ukrainian War), the Lithuanians (Polish-Lithuanian War) and the Czechs (Czech-Polish border conflicts). There he met Ignacy Jan Paderewski, the pianist and premier, Marshal Józef Piłsudski, the Chief of State and military commander, and General Maxime Weygand, head of the French military mission in mid-1920. Charles de Gaulle was attached to the French military mission. One of his tasks soon after his arrival was to attempt to make peace between the Poles and the Ukrainian nationalists under Simon Petlyura. The Ukrainians were besieging the city of Lwów (Lvov; Lemberg). He was unsuccessful and formed a negative view of Petlyura, especially after Ukrainian forces machine gunned his train, killing two Polish officers aboard.

From there he went on to Paris to report on Polish conditions to the British Prime Minister, David Lloyd George and to General Sir Henry Hughes Wilson. Lloyd George was not sympathetic to Poland and, much to Carton de Wiart’s annoyance, Britain sent next to no military supplies. Then he went back to Poland and many more front line adventures, this time in the Bolshevik zone, where the situation was grave with Warsaw threatened. During this time he had significant interaction with the nuntius (dean of the diplomatic corps) Cardinal Achille Ratti, later Pius XI, who wanted Carton de Wiart’s advice as to whether to evacuate the diplomatic corps from Warsaw. The diplomats moved to Poznań, but the Italians remained in Warsaw along with Ratti.

From all these affairs, Carton de Wiart developed a sympathy with the Poles and supported their claims to the eastern Galicia. This caused disagreement with Lloyd George at their next meeting, but was appreciated by the Poles. At one time during his Warsaw stay he was a second in a duel between Polish members of the Mysliwski Club, the other second being Baron Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, later commander-in-chief of Finnish armies in World War II and President of Finland. Norman Davies reports that he was “…compromised in a gun-running operation from Budapest using stolen wagon-lits”. He became rather close to the Polish leader, Marshal Piłsudski. After an aircraft crash occasioning a brief period in Lithuanian captivity, he went back to England to report, this time to the Secretary of State for War, Winston Churchill. He passed on to Churchill Piłsudski’s prediction that the White Russian offensive under General Anton Denikin directed at Moscow would fail. It did shortly thereafter. Churchill was more sympathetic to Polish needs than Lloyd George and succeeded, over Lloyd George’s objections, in sending some materiel to Poland.

In July 1920, Carton de Wiart was appointed an Aide-de-camp (ADC) to the King, and promoted to brevet colonel. He was active in August 1920, when the Red Army were at the gates of Warsaw. While out on his observation train, he was attacked by a group of Red cavalry, and fought them off with his revolver from the footplate of his train, at one point falling on the track and re-boarding quickly. When the Poles had won the war during 1921, the British Military Mission was wound up. Carton de Wiart was appointed to the local rank of major-general in January of that year. He was promoted to the permanent rank of colonel in June 1922, with seniority from July 1920 and resigned his commission in April 1923. He formally retired from the army in December, with the honorary rank of major-general.

His last Polish aide de camp was Prince Karol Mikołaj Radziwiłł, who inherited a large 500,000 acre (2,000 km²) estate in eastern Poland when the Communists killed his uncle. They became friends and Carton de Wiart was given the use of a large estate called Prostyń, in the Pripet Marshes, a large wetland area larger than Ireland and well known for waterfowl. Since borders have changed, it is now at the border between Belarus and Ukraine. Carton de Wiart’s home was a converted hunting lodge on an island, only a few miles from the Soviet border. In this location Carton de Wiart spent the rest of the interwar years. In his memoirs he said “I think I shot every day of those 15 years I spent in the marshes and the pleasure never palled”. He returned to England for three months each year during the winter, returning in time for the breaking up of the ice on the frozen lakes and rivers.

After 15 years, Carton de Wiart’s Polish peaceful life was interrupted by the oncoming war in July 1939 when he was recalled and appointed to his old job, as head of the British Military Mission to Poland. Poland was attacked by Nazi Germany on 1 September and on 17 September the Soviets allied with Germany attacked Poland from the east. Soon Soviet forces overran Prostyń and Carton de Wiart lost all his guns, rods, clothes, and furniture. They were packed up by the Soviets and stored in the Minsk Museum, but destroyed by the Germans in later fighting. He never saw the area again, but as he said “…they could not take my memories”.

The Second World War
Polish Campaign (1939)

Carton de Wiart met with the Polish commander-in-chief, Marshal of Poland Edward Rydz-Śmigły in late August 1939 and formed a rather low opinion of his capabilities. He strongly urged Rydz-Śmigły to pull Polish forces back beyond the Vistula River, but was unsuccessful. The other advice he offered, to have the seagoing units of the Polish fleet leave the Baltic Sea, was, after much argument, finally adopted. This fleet made a significant contribution to the Allied cause, especially the several modern destroyers and submarines. As Polish resistance weakened, Carton de Wiart evacuated his mission from Warsaw along with the Polish government. Together with the Polish commander Rydz-Śmigły, Carton de Wiart made his way with the rest of the British Mission to the Romanian border with both the Germans and the Soviets in pursuit. His car convoy was attacked by the Luftwaffe on the road, and the wife of one of his aides was killed. He was in danger of arrest in Romania and got out by aircraft on 21 September with a false passport, just in time as the pro Allied Romanian prime minister, Armand Calinescu, was assassinated that day.

Norwegian Campaign (1940)

Recalled to a special appointment in the army in the autumn of 1939, Carton de Wiart reverted to his permanent army rank of Colonel. He was promoted to acting major-general in November. After a brief stint in command of the 61st Division in the Midlands of England, Carton was summoned in April 1940 to take charge of a hastily drawn together Anglo-French force to occupy Namsos, a small town in middle Norway. His orders were to take the city of Trondheim, 125 miles (200 km) to the south, in conjunction with a naval attack and an advance from the south by troops landed at Åndalsnes. He flew to Namsos to review the location before the troops arrived. When his Short Sunderland flying boat came in for a landing, it was attacked by a German fighter and his aide was wounded and had to be evacuated. After the French Alpine troops landed (without their transport mules and missing straps for their skis), the Luftwaffe bombed and destroyed the town of Namsos. The British landed without transport, skis, artillery, or air cover. The French stayed put in Namsos for the remainder of the short campaign.

Despite these handicaps, Carton de Wiart managed to move his forces over the mountains and down to Trondheimsfjord, where they were shelled by German destroyers. They had no artillery to challenge the German ships. It soon became apparent that the whole Norwegian campaign was fast becoming a failure. The naval attack on Trondheim, the reason for the Namsos landing, did not happen and his troops were exposed without guns, transport, air cover or skis in a foot and a half of snow. They were being attacked by German ski troops, machine gunned and bombed from the air, and the German Navy was landing troops to his rear. He recommended withdrawal but was asked to hold his position for political reasons, which he did. After orders and counterorders from London, the decision to evacuate was made. However, on the date set to evacuate the troops, the ships did not show. The next night a naval force finally arrived, led through the fog by Lord Louis Mountbatten. The transports successfully evacuated the entire force amid heavy bombardment by the Germans, resulting in the sinking of two destroyers, the French Bison and British HMS Afridi. Carton de Wiart arrived back at the British naval base of Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands on 5 May 1940 – his 60th birthday.


Carton de Wiart was posted back to the command of the 61st Division, which was soon transferred to Northern Ireland as a defence against invasion. Carton de Wiart brought the 61st up to a high standard of efficiency. However, following the arrival of Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Royds Pownall as Commander-in-Chief in Northern Ireland, Carton de Wiart was told that he was too old to command a division on active duty.

British Military Mission to Yugoslavia (1941)

Advanced to temporary major-general in November 1940,he remained inactive very briefly, as he was appointed as head of the British-Yugoslavian Military Mission on 5 April 1941. Hitler was preparing to invade the country and the Yugoslavs asked for British help. Carton de Wiart traveled in a Wellington Bomber to Belgrade, Serbia to negotiate with the Yugoslavian government. After refueling in Malta, the aircraft left for Cairo with enemy territory to the north and south. Both engines failed off the coast of Italian-controlled Libya, and the plane crash landed in the sea about a mile from land. Carton de Wiart was knocked unconscious, but the cold water brought him to. When the plane broke up and sank, he and the rest aboard were forced to swim to shore. They were captured by the Italian authorities.

Prisoner of War in Italy (1941-1943)

Carton de Wiart was a high profile prisoner. After four months at the Villa Orsini at Sulmona, he was transferred to a special prison for senior officers at Castello di Vincigliata. There were a number of senior officer prisoners here because of the successes made by Rommel in North Africa early in 1941. Carton de Wiart made friends, especially with General Sir Richard O’Connor, Thomas Daniel Knox, 6th Earl of Ranfurly and Lieutenant-General Philip Neame VC. The four were committed to escaping. He made five attempts including seven months tunnelling. Once Carton de Wiart evaded capture for eight days disguised as an Italian peasant (which is surprising considering that he was in northern Italy, couldn’t speak Italian, and was 61 years old, with an eye patch, one empty sleeve and multiple injuries and scars). Ironically, Carton de Wiart had been approved for repatriation due to his disablement, but notification arrived after his escape. As the repatriation would have required that he promise not to take any further part in the war, it is probable that he would have declined anyway.

In letters to his wife, Hermione, Countess of Ranfurly, Ranfurly described Carton de Wiart in captivity as “… a delightful character” and said he “…must hold the record for bad language.” Ranfurly was “…endlessly amused by him. He really is a nice person – superbly outspoken.”

Then, in a surprising development, Carton de Wiart was taken from his prison in August 1943, and driven to Rome, where the Italian government secretly planned to leave the war and wanted Carton de Wiart to send the message to the British Army negotiating about a peace treaty with the UK. Carton de Wiart was to accompany an Italian negotiator, General Giacomo Zanussi, to Lisbon to meet Allied contacts to facilitate the surrender. But to keep the cover, Carton de Wiart was told he needed civilian clothes. Distrusting Italian tailors, he stated that “[he] had no objection provided [he] did not resemble a gigolo.” In Happy Odyssey, he described the resultant suit as being “as good as anything that ever came out of Savile Row.” When they reached Lisbon, Carton de Wiart was released and made his way to England, reaching there on 28 August 1943.

China Mission (1943-1947)

Within a month of his arrival back in England, Carton de Wiart was summoned to spend a night at the Prime Minister’s country home at Chequers. Churchill informed him that he was to be sent to China as his personal representative. He was promoted to acting lieutenant-general on 9 October, and left by air for India on 18 October 1943. As his accommodation in China was not ready, Carton de Wiart spent time in India getting an understanding of the situation in China, especially being briefed by a genuine tai-pan, John Keswick, head of the great China trading empire Jardine Matheson. He met the Viceroy, Field Marshal Viscount Wavell and General Sir Claude Auchinleck, the Commander-in-Chief in India.

Before arriving in China, Carton de Wiart attended the 1943 Cairo Conference organized by Churchill, U.S President Roosevelt and Chinese General Chiang Kai Shek. There is a famous picture of these leaders gathered in a Cairo garden, with Carton de Wiart standing behind them in company (see below). When in Cairo, he took the opportunity to renew his acquaintance with Hermione, Countess of Ranfurly, the wife of his friend from prisoner of war days, Dan Ranfurly. Carton de Wiart was one of the few to be able to work with the notoriously difficult commander of US forces in the China-Burma-India Theatre, U.S Army General Joseph Stilwell. He arrived in the headquarters of the Nationalist Chinese Government, Chungking (Chongqing), in early December 1943. For the next three years, he was to be involved in a host of reporting, diplomatic and administrative duties in the remote war time capital. He worked with Chiang kai-Shek and when he finally retired he was offered a job by Chiang.


He regularly flew out to India to liaise with British officials. His old friend, Richard O’Connor, had escaped from the Italian prisoner of war camp and was now in command of British troops in eastern India. The Governor of Bengal, the Australian Richard Casey, became a good friend, his wife having nursed Carton de Wiart on one of his many hospital visits in World War I. On 9 October 1944, Carton de Wiart was promoted to temporary Lieutenant-General and to the war substantive rank of major-general. Carton de Wiart returned home in December 1944 to report to the War Cabinet on the Chinese situation. He was knighted with the Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (KBE), an Order of the British Empire in the 1945 New Year Honours List. Clement Attlee, when he became head of the Labour Government in June 1945, asked Carton de Wiart to stay on in China.

South East Asia

Carton de Wiart was assigned to a tour of the Burma Front, and after meeting Admiral Sir James Somerville, Commander-in-Chief of the British Eastern Fleet, he was given a front seat on the bridge of the battleship HMS Queen Elizabeth for the bombardment of Sabang in the Netherlands East Indies in 1945, including air battles between Japanese fighters and British carrier aircraft. It was the first time HMS Queen Elizabeth had fired her guns in anger since the Dardanelles in 1915. A good part of Carton de Wiart’s reporting had to do with the increasing power of the Chinese Communists. The historian Max Hastings writes: “De Wiart despised all Communists on principle, denounced Mao Zedong as ‘a fanatic’, and added: ‘I cannot believe he means business’. He told the British cabinet that there was no conceivable alternative to Chiang as ruler of China.” He met Mao Zedong at dinner and had a memorable exchange with him, interrupting his propaganda speech to criticise him for holding back from fighting the Japanese for domestic political reasons. Mao was briefly stunned, and then laughed.

After the Japanese surrender in August 1945, Carton de Wiart flew to Singapore to participate in the formal surrender. After a visit to Peking, he moved to Nanking, the now liberated Nationalist capital, accompanied by Julian Amery, the British Prime Minister’s Personal Representative to Chiang. A visit to Tokyo to meet General Douglas MacArthur came at the end of his tenure. He was now 66 and ready to retire, despite the offer of a job by Chiang. Carton de Wiart retired in October 1947, with the honorary rank of lieutenant-general.


En route home via French Indochina, Carton de Wiart stopped in Rangoon as a guest of the army commander. Coming down stairs, he slipped on coconut matting, fell down, broke his back and several vertebrae, and knocked himself unconscious. He eventually made it to England and into a hospital where he slowly recovered. The doctors succeeded in extracting an incredible amount of shrapnel from his old wounds. He recovered and then went to Belgium to visit relatives. His wife died in 1949 and in 1951, at the age of 71, he married Ruth Myrtle Muriel Joan McKechnie, a divorcee known as Joan Sutherland, a woman 23 years his junior (born in late 1903, she died 13 January 2006 at the age of 102), and settled at Aghinagh House, Killinardish, County Cork, Ireland, taking up a life pursuing salmon and snipe.

Carton de Wiart died at the age of 83 on 5 June 1963. He left no writings. He and his wife, Joan, are buried in Caum Churchyard just off the main Macroom road. The grave site is just outside the actual graveyard wall on the grounds of his own home Aghinagh House. Carton de Wiart’s will was probated in Ireland at 4,158 pounds sterling and in England at 3,496 pounds sterling.


The Two Craziest, Most Courageous Chaps Ever? Tales of Two British Heroes.. Part I


Lieutenant Colonel John Malcolm Thorpe Fleming “Jack” Churchill (Mad Jack) DSO, MC (16th September 1906 – 8th March 1996)

Nicknamed Fighting Jack Churchill or Mad Jack, was a British soldier who fought throughout the Second World War armed with a Longbow, and a Scottish Sword. He is well known for the motto “any officer who goes into action without his sword is improperly dressed.” He was born in Surrey, England and graduated from Sandhurst in 1926 after which he served in Burma with the Manchester Regiment. He used his archery and bagpipe talents to play a small role in the 1924 film The Thief of Bagdad. He left the army in 1936 and went on to work as a newspaper editor.

Churchill resumed his commission after Poland was invaded in 1939. In May 1940 Churchill and his unit, the Manchester Regiment, ambushed a German patrol near L’Epinette, France, Churchill gave the signal to attack by cutting down the enemy Sergeant with a barbed arrow becoming the only British soldier known to have felled an enemy with a longbow in World War II. After fighting at Dunkirk, he volunteered for the Commandos.

Churchill was second in command of No. 3 Commando in Operation Archery, a raid on the German garrison at Vågsøy, Norway on 27th December 1941. As the ramps fell on the first landing craft, Churchill leapt forward from his position playing ‘March of the Cameron Men’ on his bagpipes, before throwing a grenade and running into battle in the bay. For his actions at Dunkirk and Vågsøy, he received the Military Cross (MC).

In July 1943, as commanding officer, he led 2 Commando from their landing site at Catania in Sicily with his trademark Scottish broadsword slung around his waist, longbow and arrows around his neck and his bagpipes under his arm, he did the same at another landing in Salerno. Leading 2 Commando, Churchill was ordered to capture a German observation post outside of the town of Molina, controlling a pass leading down to the Salerno beach-head. He led the attack by 2 and 41 Commandos, infiltrated the town and captured the post, taking 42 prisoners. He received the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) for leading this action at Salerno.

Mad Jack can be seen charging at the front with Sword in hand.
Mad Jack can be seen at the front with his Sword.

In 1944 he led the Commandos in Yugoslavia where they supported the Partisans. In May he was ordered to raid the German island of Brač. He organised a ‘motley army’ of 1500 Partisans, 43 Commando and one troop from 40 Commando for the raid. The landing was unopposed but they later encountered German fire, the Partisans however decided to defer the attack until the following day. Churchill’s bagpipes signalled the remaining Commandos to battle. Churchill decided to withdraw for the night and to re-launch the attack the following morning, where he instructed 43 Commando to begin a flanking manoeuvre with himself leading elements from 40 Commando. The Partisans remained at the landing area; only Churchill and six others managed to reach the objective. A mortar shell killed or wounded everyone but Churchill, who was playing ‘Will Ye No Come Back Again?’ on his pipes in a crater on the battlefield as the Germans advanced. He was knocked unconscious by grenades and captured. He was first flown to Berlin for interrogation and then later transferred to a Concentration Camp,

In September 1944 Churchill and a Royal Air Force officer crawled under the wire fencing surrounded the camp, went through an abandoned drain and then attempted to walk to the Baltic coast. They were both captured near the coastal city of Rostock, a few kilometres from the sea. In late April 1945 Churchill and about 140 other prominent concentration camp inmates were transferred to Tyrol, guarded by SS troops. A delegation of prisoners told senior German army officers they feared they would be executed. An army unit commanded by Captain Wichard Von Alvensleben moved in to protect the prisoners. Outnumbered, the SS guards moved out, leaving the prisoners behind. The prisoners were released and after the Germans departure, Churchill walked 150 kilometres (93 miles) to Verona, Italy where he met an American armoured force.

As the Pacific War was still on, Churchill was sent to Burma, where the largest land battles against Japan were being fought. However by the time he had reached India, Hiroshima and Nagasaki has been bringing the war in the Pacific to abrupt end. Churchill was said to be unhappy with the sudden end of the war, saying:“If it wasn’t for those damn Yanks, we could have kept the war going another 10 years.” 


Later life following the Second World War.. In 1946 Twentieth Century Fox began producing Ivanhoe with Churchill’s old rowing companion Robert Taylor. The studio hired Churchill to appear as an archer, shooting from the walls of Warwick Castle, After World War II, Churchill qualified as a parachutist, transferred to the Seaforth Highlands and later ended up in Palestine as second-in-command of 1st Battalion, the Highland Light Infantry. In the spring of 1948, just before the end of the British mandate in the region, Churchill became involved in another conflict. Along with twelve of his soldiers, he attempted to assist the Hadassah medical convoy that came under attack by hundreds of Arabs. Following the massacre, he coordinated the evacuation of 700 Jewish doctors, students and patients from the Hadassah Hospital on the Hebrew University campus in Jerusalem.

In later years, Churchill served as an instructor at the land-air warfare school in Australia, where he became a passionate fan of surfboarding. Back in England, he was the first man to ride the River Severn’s five foot tidal bore and even designed his own board. In retirement his eccentricity continued still. He startled train conductors and passengers continuously by throwing his briefcase out of the train window each day on the ride home from work. He later explained that he was tossing his case into his own back garden so he wouldn’t have to carry it from the station. Churchill finally retired from the army in 1959, with two awards of the Distinguished Service Order and died in Surrey 1996.

British Villains? Sir Ben Kingsley, Mark Strong & Tom Hiddleston show you why “it’s good to be bad”


Have you ever noticed how in Hollywood, all the villains are played by Brits? Let Jaguar introduce you to the newest British Villain that will make you forget all the usual suspects. #GoodToBeBad

Yes this is Jaguar’s first Super Bowl advert and they pretty much went all out. Starring the amazingly talented British trio, Sir Ben Kingsley, Mark Strong and Tom Hiddleston and directed by the Oscar winning Brit Director Tom Hooper (Kings Speech, Les Mis). Personally the only thing I think is missing is Benedict Cumberbatch or Tom Hardy *insert nerdgasm here* enjoy..

Stunning Photography of the Milky Way in the British Night Sky


They were taken at midnight by astro-photographer Stephen Banks using a bright LED torch.

Military courage recognised by Operational Honours List, Military Cross for hero Gurkha who fought to protect his comrades..

**Embargoed until 00:01 Friday 4 October 2013**

A total of 117 members of the Armed Forces have received honours and awards in the latest Operational Honours and Awards List. Warrant Officer Class 1 Andy Peat’s story is just one example of the many tales of courage shared as scores of personnel from all 3 Services were honoured at an event which was hosted at the Tower of London yesterday, 3 October.

Peat’s is one of 117 awards for gallantry and meritorious service included in Operational Honours and Awards List 41, which covers the period between September 2012 and April 2013. Many of those recognised served with 4th Mechanized Brigade, which deployed to Afghanistan in the autumn of 2012. The list of honours recognises the immense bravery of those who regularly face danger around the world, including those who show heroism saving people from dangerous waters around the UK. Here are just some of the brave stories from servicemen & women:


Lance Corporal Tuljung Gurung (left) from The Royal Gurkha Rifles, 28, was on guard duty at Patrol Base Sparta in Lashkar Gah when two insurgents used the cover of a sandstorm to try to get into the base. He shouted a warning at the men and was immediately shot at,- a bullet struck his helmet and knocked him to the ground.

As he stood he saw a grenade which had been thrown by his attackers bounce from the ceiling of his guard post and land next to him. He picked it up and threw it back, but as it detonated he was again hurled to the floor. Fighting hand-to-hand with one of the attackers the pair fell from the guard tower as Lance Corporal Gurung fought him off with his kukri – the traditional Nepalese knife used by Gurkhas.
He said:
“He was quite a bit bigger than me. I just started to hit him. I just thought I don’t want to die. If I am alive I can save my colleagues, before he does something I have to do something”. The insurgent then fled the scene. For displaying the highest levels of gallantry and courage Lance Corporal Gurung was awarded the Military Cross.”

rfnbentaylorrdg-006w200Rifleman Benjamin Taylor, an Army Reservist who rescued eight of his comrades in complete darkness from a Mastiff armoured personnel carrier which had overturned into a canal has been awarded the Queen’s Gallantry Medal.

The 21 year old roofer from Shrewsbury, who was serving with 4th Battalion The Mercian Regiment, was catapulted from the top of the vehicle carrier as it slid into the canal and began filling with water. He then waded back and helped each soldier to safety through a submerged gun turret. He said:
“I didn’t know if we would come under attack but all I could think about was getting my ‘family’ out of the vehicle. It was upturned and the only escape route was through the submerged turret. I shouted to the others to remove their armour and helmets but bring a weapon. I kept going under, putting my head and arm through to grab and guide each one out. It was exhausting. I didn’t think about whether I was risking my life. I just needed to get them out.”

Corporal Josh Griffiths who saved the lives of his wounded comrades when he battled Afghan insurgents, despite breaking his back, has been awarded with the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross.

The 24-year-old from The Mercian Regiment was sitting down to eat a beef stir-fry at his base when a suicide bomber drove a truck into the wall. Corporal Griffiths broke his back after being thrown by the blast, but in the fire fight that followed he protected his fellow wounded soldiers and stopped the insurgents.
He said:
“I heard lads screaming so the job just took over and I pushed forward, treated them and pushed forward again.”

Flight Lieutenant Christopher Gent, 31 from Swanage, Dorset, was an aircraft commander in the UK Medical Emergency Response Team (MERT) in Camp Bastion. On 20 December 2012, despite heavy fog grounding all Task Force Helmand activity due to low visibility, Flt Lt Gent’s crew was dispatched to rescue an Afghan soldier who had been shot in the head. Taking off just 14 minutes after the emergency call and flying in visibility as low as 30 metres, Flt Lt Gent skilfully positioned his Chinook to land near the casualty. The citation for Gent’s Queen’s Commendation for Bravery in the Air describes how ‘through his extremely cool leadership and expert flying in abysmal weather, they returned safely to Camp Bastion.’

Another stirring tale of bravery is that of Marine Craig Buchanan, 26 from Somerset West, South Africa, who has been awarded the Military Cross. Marine Buchanan, who now lives in Exeter, was part of an eight man team tasked to patrol to an Afghan police station to conduct low-level training in October 2012. En route the patrol was engaged by a member of the Afghan Uniformed Police (AUP) wearing civilian clothing, who fired prolonged and accurate bursts of automatic fire, fatally wounding two members of the patrol and seriously wounding a Marine next to Buchanan. Unable to return fire for fear of hitting his colleagues, Buchanan moved his body between the gunman and the rest of the patrol. When he was able to engage Buchanan neutralized the gunman before administering first-aid until the MERT arrived.

See full list of honours below:


Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)

Brigadier Robert Andrew MAGOWAN MBE, Royal Marines

Brigadier (now Major General) Richard John CRIPWELL, late Corps of Royal Engineers

Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)

Lieutenant Colonel Nigel Jonathan BEST, The Queen’s Royal Lancers

Lieutenant Colonel Philip William Carmichael KIMBER MBE, The Mercian Regiment

Lieutenant Colonel Paul Bruce NICHOLSON, Corps of Royal Engineers

Lieutenant Colonel Francis Alexander James PIGGOTT MBE, The Royal Dragoon Guards

Lieutenant Colonel Richard David WALLWORK, Royal Regiment of Artillery

Acting Colonel Charles James Macintosh WILLIAMS MBE, The King’s Royal Hussars

Lieutenant Colonel Nicholas Ian WOOD, The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

Lieutenant Colonel (now Colonel) Gareth George WRIGHT, The Royal Logistic Corps

Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)

Captain Lisa Victoria BROWN, The Royal Logistic Corps

Major Darren James COOK, The Mercian Regiment

Major Rupert Spark EVETTS, The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons)

Major Mark George MCLELLAN, The Yorkshire Regiment

Sergeant Curtis William Douglass MORTON, The Parachute Regiment

Major David Thomas PACK, The Royal Gurkha Rifles

Major (now Acting Lieutenant Colonel) Benjamin Mark WILDE, The Mercian Regiment

Distinguished Service Order (DSO)

Lieutenant Colonel Matthew John Andrew JACKSON, Royal Marines

Brigadier Robert Bernard BRUCE, late The Royal Regiment of Scotland

Major Adam Nicholas Baron FODEN, The Queen’s Royal Lancers

Conspicuous Gallantry Cross (CGC)

Lieutenant (now Acting Captain) Owen Edward DAVIS, Royal Marines

Corporal Josh Edward Hayden GRIFFITHS, The Mercian Regiment

Private Gareth David STEEL, The Parachute Regiment, Army Reserve

Bar to the Military Cross (MC)

Corporal John Matthew WATSON MC, Royal Marines

Military Cross (MC)

Marine Craig Andrew BUCHANAN, Royal Marines

Sergeant (now Colour Sergeant) Samuel Joseph MCCORMICK, Royal Marines

Acting Lance Corporal (now Marine) Harry Thomas ROBINSON, Royal Marines

Corporal Oliver David BAINBRIDGE, The Royal Dragoon Guards

Staff Sergeant Russell Craig BYRNE, The Parachute Regiment

Lieutenant William Jordan Campbell BOREHAM, The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

Rifleman (now Acting Lance Corporal) Tuljung GURUNG, The Royal Gurkha Rifles

Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)

Flight Lieutenant Timothy Edward TROTT, Royal Air Force

Associate Royal Red Cross Medal (ARRC)

Lieutenant Colonel Judith Caroline Florence MADILL, Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps, Army Reserve

Captain Graham John MCPHEE, Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps

George Medal (GM)

Warrant Officer Class 1 Andreas Oliver PEAT, The Royal Logistic Corps

Queen’s Gallantry Medal (QGM)

Corporal Edward Samual Charles DAVIS, Royal Army Veterinary Corps

Major Matthew Cameron LONG, The Royal Logistic Corps

Rifleman Benjamin John TAYLOR, The Mercian Regiment, Army Reserve

Mention in Despatches (MiD)

Acting Sergeant Michael Wayne CATARALL, The Mercian Regiment

Corporal Richard COOK, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

Lance Corporal Alex John CURTIS, The Parachute Regiment

Captain Thomas William Wilfred DAVIES, The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

Sapper (now Lance Corporal) Andrew David FARNDON, Corps of Royal Engineers

Private Augustine FORKUO, The Yorkshire Regiment

Rifleman Bikash GURUNG, The Royal Gurkha Rifles

Corporal (now Acting Sergeant) Govinda GURUNG, The Royal Gurkha Rifles

Private Ryan HOUSTON, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

Lance Corporal Rachel Marie HUGHES, Royal Army Medical Corps

Corporal James Stirling HURST, The Royal Dragoon Guards

Lance Bombardier Stephen Thomas KENNY, Royal Regiment of Artillery

Corporal Darren LIGHTFOOT, The Mercian Regiment

Lieutenant (now Captain) Stephen Andrew POPE, The Mercian Regiment

Corporal Dennis Robert SKINNER, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

Sergeant Simon SMITH, The Royal Welsh

Acting Sergeant Mark William John STEVENS, The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

Craftsman (now Lance Corporal) Ricky Thomas STEWART, Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers

Acting Sergeant Paul Anthony STIRLAND, The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

Corporal James Clifford Gordon VICKERS, The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

Lance Corporal Nathan Trevor VITTLES, The Queen’s Royal Lancers

Queen’s Commendation for Bravery (QCB)

Sapper (now Lance Corporal) Danny Craig FLEMING, Corps of Royal Engineers

Queen’s Commendation for Bravery in the Air (QCBA)

Flight Lieutenant Christopher GENT, Royal Air Force

Queen’s Commendation for Valuable Service (QCVS)

Captain William GOODMAN, Royal Marines

Lieutenant Colonel Simon Jeremy HALL OBE, Royal Marines

Acting Lance Corporal Thomas HARRISON, Royal Marines

Major General David Arnold HOOK CBE, Royal Marines

Captain Thomas James LIMB, Royal Marines

Major Michael John SCANLON, Royal Marines

Major Peter William Stanhope BAINES, The Rifles

Captain Leanne Marie BARRY, The Royal Logistic Corps

Colour Sergeant Darren James BATES, The Mercian Regiment

Captain (now Acting Major) Alexander David George BOWIE, The Queen’s Royal Lancers

Colonel Charles Simon CALDER OBE, late The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers

Captain Paul CEASER, Royal Corps of Signals

Major Robert John CONNOLLY, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

Captain Dean John EAMER, Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers

Lance Corporal Lucius Junior EDWARD, The Royal Logistic Corps

Brigadier Felix Geoffrey GEDNEY OBE, late The Royal Scots Dragoons Guards

Lance Corporal Michael Aaron GILLESPIE, Royal Army Medical Corps

Major Steven KIRKMAN, The Royal Dragoon Guards

Lieutenant Thomas Patrick Theodore LAVINGTON, Scots Guards

Warrant Officer Class 2 Gary Scott LIDDLE, Corps of Royal Engineers

Major Andrew David LUMLEY, The Royal Regiment of Scotland

Lance Corporal Nicholas James MAXWELL, Intelligence Corps, Army Reserve

Brigadier Ewen MCLAY, late Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers

Captain Norman Geoffrey MCMULLAN, Adjutant General’s Corps (Military Provost Staff)

Brigadier Gerald Ian MITCHELL MBE, late Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers

Lieutenant Andrew Donald MONCRIEFF, The Royal Dragoon Guards

Major Nigel Joseph OVERTON MBE, Coldstream Guards

Lance Corporal Colm David PHILLIPS, Intelligence Corps

Major General Timothy Buchan RADFORD DSO OBE, late The Light Infantry

Brigadier (now Major General) Stuart Richard SKEATES CBE, late Royal Regiment of Artillery

Corporal Simon Patrick SPRIGGS, Intelligence Corps

Lieutenant Colonel Colin Michael VAUDIN, Royal Corps of Signals

Captain Lloyd Wynne WALTON-REES, The Royal Dragoon Guards

Air Commodore Stephen Dennis FORWARD, Royal Air Force

Wing Commander Ruth Ann Frances HARRIS, Royal Air Force

Group Captain (now Air Commodore) Bruce Haakon HEDLEY MBE, Royal Air Force

Flight Lieutenant Neil Malcolm MERRITT, Royal Air Force

Squadron Leader James Richard ROWE, Royal Air Force

Corporal Scott SHARKEY, Royal Air Force


Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)

Commander Allan WALLACE, Royal Navy

Wing Commander Robert Alan SUTTON, Royal Air Force

Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)

Warrant Officer Class 2 (now Acting Warrant Officer Class 1) Engineering Technician (Marine Engineering) Mark Jonathon HINTON, Royal Navy

Acting Colour Sergeant (now Colour Sergeant) Francis Stuart William MCMURRAY, Royal Marines

Queen’s Commendation for Valuable Service (QCVS)

Lieutenant Commander Ian David FEASEY, Royal Navy

Petty Officer Logistics (Supply Chain) Paul STATHAM, Royal Navy

Colonel Andrew DENNIS OBE, late The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment

Sergeant Keith Brian GALLAGHER, The Parachute Regiment

Corporal James Steven PATTISON, The Parachute Regiment

Warrant Officer Class 2 David William John WEBB, The Parachute Regiment

Captain (now Acting Major) James Timothy WOOLDRIDGE, Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers

Flight Lieutenant Kerry LLOYD, Royal Air Force


Air Force Cross (AFC)

Flight Lieutenant Christian John WILKINS, Royal Air Force

Queen’s Gallantry Medal (QGM)

Sergeant Rachael Louise ROBINSON, Royal Air Force

Queen’s Commendation for Bravery (QCB)

Warrant Officer Class 2 Michael John MOUGHTON, The Royal Logistic Corps

Captain Stephen Anthony TICKNER, Adjutant General’s Corps (Royal Military Police)

Queen’s Commendation for Bravery in the Air (QCBA)

Major John Patrick TYMON, Army Air Corps